Farina is a milled cereal grain, usually made from wheat germ and the inner parts of wheat kernels called the endosperm. Sometimes, rice or potatoes can be milled and given this name too, but typically it’s considered wheat cereal. It has a very bland taste, which makes it adaptable to numerous toppings when it is prepared as a hot cereal, the typical preparation. Since it is so finely ground, it cooks quickly, and remains one of the more popular hot cereal choices.
Farina has a fairly high protein content, even when cooked in water. A serving of 1 cup (251 g) of the prepared cereal has only about 120 calories and contains close to 4 grams of protein. The grain is often sold in enriched form and may contain iron and calcium, and depending upon brand, it may be enriched with folate. Enriching with iron and calcium at the same time doesn’t make a lot of sense, since calcium absorption is inhibited by iron.